Articles | Volume 10
Adv. Radio Sci., 10, 145–151, 2012
https://doi.org/10.5194/ars-10-145-2012
Adv. Radio Sci., 10, 145–151, 2012
https://doi.org/10.5194/ars-10-145-2012

  18 Sep 2012

18 Sep 2012

Automatic focus algorithms for TDI X-Ray image reconstruction

J. Dörr, M. Rosenbaum, W. Sauer-Greff, and R. Urbansky J. Dörr et al.
  • TU Kaiserslautern, Institute of Communications Engineering, 67653 Kaiserslautern, Germany

Abstract. In food industry, most products are checked by X-rays for contaminations. These X-ray machines continuously scan the product passing through. To minimize the required X-ray power, a Time, Delay and Integration (TDI) CCD-sensor is used to capture the image. While the product moves across the sensor area, the X-ray angle changes during the pass. As a countermeasure, adjusting the sensor shift speed on a single focal plane of the product can be selected. However, the changing angle result in a blurred image in dependance to the thickness of the product. This so-called ''laminographic effect'' can be compensated individually for one plane by inverse filtering. As the plane of contamination is unknown, the blurred image will be inversely filtered for different planes, but only one of these images shows the correctly focussed object. If the correct image can be found, the plane containing the contamination is identified. In this contribution we demonstrate how the correctly focussed images can be found by analyzing the images of all planes. Different characteristics for correctly and incorrectly focussed planes like sharpness, number of objects and edges are investigated by using image processing algorithms.

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