Articles | Volume 15
Adv. Radio Sci., 15, 259–267, 2017
Adv. Radio Sci., 15, 259–267, 2017

  06 Nov 2017

06 Nov 2017

Design of a dual linear polarization antenna using split ring resonators at X-band

Sadiq Ahmed1,2 and Madhukar Chandra1 Sadiq Ahmed and Madhukar Chandra
  • 1Department of Microwave Engineering and Electromagnetic Theory, TU Chemnitz, 09126 Chemnitz, Germany
  • 2Engineering College, University of Al-Mustansiriyah, Baghdad, Iraq

Abstract. Dual linear polarization microstrip antenna configurations are very suitable for high-performance satellites, wireless communication and radar applications. This paper presents a new method to improve the co-cross polarization discrimination (XPD) for dual linear polarized microstrip antennas at 10 GHz. For this, three various configurations of a dual linear polarization antenna utilizing metamaterial unit cells are shown. In the first layout, the microstrip patch antenna is loaded with two pairs of spiral ring resonators, in the second model, a split ring resonator is placed between two microstrip feed lines, and in the third design, a complementary split ring resonators are etched in the ground plane.

This work has two primary goals: the first is related to the addition of metamaterial unit cells to the antenna structure which permits compensation for an asymmetric current distribution flow on the microstrip antenna and thus yields a symmetrical current distribution on it. This compensation leads to an important enhancement in the XPD in comparison to a conventional dual linear polarized microstrip patch antenna. The simulation reveals an improvement of 7.9, 8.8, and 4 dB in the E and H planes for the three designs, respectively, in the XPD as compared to the conventional dual linear polarized patch antenna. The second objective of this paper is to present the characteristics and performances of the designs of the spiral ring resonator (S-RR), split ring resonator (SRR), and complementary split ring resonator (CSRR) metamaterial unit cells. The simulations are evaluated using the commercial full-wave simulator, Ansoft High-Frequency Structure Simulator (HFSS).

Short summary
In this paper, a novel approach (using metamaterials) is used to enhance the XPD for a dual linear polarization patch antenna at the frequency of 10 GHz. This improvement is obtained by placing two S-RRs close to the microstrip patch antenna, placing a SRR between two microstrip feed lines, and etching two pairs of CSRRs in the ground plane. An improvement in the XPD by 8.8 dB as compared to the conventional dual linear polarization antenna is noticed.