Articles | Volume 3
Adv. Radio Sci., 3, 151–155, 2005
https://doi.org/10.5194/ars-3-151-2005
Adv. Radio Sci., 3, 151–155, 2005
https://doi.org/10.5194/ars-3-151-2005

  12 May 2005

12 May 2005

Employing beam-forming for estimating the direction of arrival in a multi-path propagation environment

M. Bresch1,2, J. Shi1, and R. Kokozinski1 M. Bresch et al.
  • 1Fraunhofer-Institut für Mikroelektronische Schaltungen & Systeme, Finkenstraße 61, 47057 Duisburg, Germany
  • 2now at: Infineon Technologies Austria AG, Siemensstrasse 2, A-9500 Villach, Austria

Abstract. Due to recent researches on traffic accidents with vulnerable road users (VRUs), several measures revealed a great opportunity of reduction. However, all measures applied so far failed to reduce the number of traffic accidents if there is no line-of-sight. Therefore, a transponder signal is utilized to make the VRU visible. The motor vehicle carries a mobile receiver for VRU detection and location. The receiver employs digital beam-forming for estimating the direction of arrival (DOA) with an antenna array for RF ISM band. A sequence of DOA estimations is used for location and motion estimation purposes.