Correlation properties of dual polarized antennas with finite pattern orthogonality in mobile fading channels
- Leibniz Universität Hannover, Institut für Hochfrequenztechnik und Funksysteme, Appelstr. 9A, 30167 Hannover, Germany
Abstract. Starting from planar broadband log.-per. antenna design, offering the possibility of dual-polarized reception properties, in this article a generalized mathematical approach for rapidly estimating the resulting signal correlation coefficient in a stochastically modeled propagation environment solely based on measured or simulated radiation characteristics of one single antenna element is presented. The obtained results are marking an upper limit and are describing the worst-case scenario according to the signal correlation at the antenna feeding points in terms of line-of-sight (LOS) reception in main beam direction. The knowledge of the derived relationship may be helpful especially for antenna designers to combine antenna performance values with the significant communication system performance parameters, as e.g. in case of Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) and diversity configurations.