Articles | Volume 6
Adv. Radio Sci., 6, 233–237, 2008
https://doi.org/10.5194/ars-6-233-2008
Adv. Radio Sci., 6, 233–237, 2008
https://doi.org/10.5194/ars-6-233-2008

  26 May 2008

26 May 2008

Fast evaluation of nonlinear functions using FPGAs

S. Lachowicz1 and H.-J. Pfleiderer2 S. Lachowicz and H.-J. Pfleiderer
  • 1Edith Cowan University, Perth, WA, Australia
  • 2Ulm University, Ulm, Germany

Abstract. The paper presents a novel method of evaluating the square root function in FPGA. The method uses a linear approximation subsystem with a reduced size of a look-up table. The reduction in the size of the lookup table is twofold. Firstly, a simple linear approximation subsystem uses the lookup table only for the node points. Secondly, a concept of a variable step look-up table is introduced, where the node points are not uniformly spaced, but the spacing is determined by how close to the linear function the approximated function is. The proposed method of evaluating nonlinear function and specifically the square root function is practical for word lengths of up to 24 bits. The evaluation is performed in one clock cycle.