Forward and backward RLS-DDCE processing in MIMO-OFDM spatial multiplexing receivers
- Department of Signal Processing and Communications, Helmut-Schmidt-Universität/University of the Federal Armed Forces Hamburg, Holstenhofweg 85, 22043 Hamburg, Germany
Abstract. In this paper we present a novel approach in frequency domain channel estimation technique. Our proposal is based on the recursive least squares (RLS) algorithm combined with the decision making process called decision directed channel estimation (RLS-DDCE). The novelty and key concept of this technique is the block-wise causal and anti-causal RLS processing that yields two independent processing of RLS along with the associated decisions. Due to the implemented low density parity check (LDPC) code the receiver operates with soft information, which enables us to introduce a new modification of the Turbo principle as well as simple addition of the a-posteriori log-likelihood ratios (LLRs). Although the computational complexity is increased by both of our approaches, the latter is relatively less complex than the earlier. Simulation results show that these implementations outperform the simple RLS-DDCE algorithm and yield lower bit error rates (BER) and more accurate channel information.