Phaseless spherical near-field antenna measurements for low and medium gain antennas
Abstract. The characterisation of antenna radiation patterns by measurements in the near-field and a following near-field far-field transformation require accurate amplitude and phase data. Especially at higher frequencies phase measurements are demanding in terms of instrumentation and measurement accuracy. Phaseless techniques which require amplitude only data on one or more measurement surfaces are therefore of special interest. In this paper a phaseless spherical algorithm based on spherical modal expansion is presented. The algorithm works with amplitude only near-field data measured on two spheres of different radii and is therefore not restricted to certain types of antennas as for planar measurements for example. Simulated as well as measured results of low and medium gain antennas are shown.