Equivalent circuit simulation of HPEM-induced transient responses at nonlinear loads
- 1Institute for Reliability of Technical Systems and Electrical Measurement, University of Siegen, Hölderlinstr. 3, 57076 Siegen, Germany
- 2Bundeswehr Research Institute for Protective Technologies and NBC Protection, Humboldtstr. 100, 29663 Munster, Germany
Abstract. In this paper the equivalent circuit modeling of a nonlinearly loaded loop antenna and its transient responses to HPEM field excitations are investigated. For the circuit modeling the general strategy to characterize the nonlinearly loaded antenna by a linear and a nonlinear circuit part is pursued. The linear circuit part can be determined by standard methods of antenna theory and numerical field computation. The modeling of the nonlinear circuit part requires realistic circuit models of the nonlinear loads that are given by Schottky diodes. Combining both parts, appropriate circuit models are obtained and analyzed by means of a standard SPICE circuit simulator. It is the main result that in this way full-wave simulation results can be reproduced. Furthermore it is clearly seen that the equivalent circuit modeling offers considerable advantages with respect to computation speed and also leads to improved physical insights regarding the coupling between HPEM field excitation and nonlinearly loaded loop antenna.