Adv. Radio Sci., 21, 89–100, https://doi.org/10.5194/ars-21-89-2023,https://doi.org/10.5194/ars-21-89-2023, 2023
Analog integrators have the problem that small signals are affected by the noise of the circuit and large signals are limited by the supply voltage. In the hybrid integrator, mixed digital and analog signal processing increases the maximum possible difference between the smallest and largest signals, which can be almost any size. The hybrid integrator has improved detection of dynamic input signals, which further improves the dynamic range.