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Advances in Radio Science An open-access journal of the U.R.S.I. Landesausschuss in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland e.V.
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Volume 6
Adv. Radio Sci., 6, 67–70, 2008
https://doi.org/10.5194/ars-6-67-2008
© Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Adv. Radio Sci., 6, 67–70, 2008
https://doi.org/10.5194/ars-6-67-2008
© Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  26 May 2008

26 May 2008

Characterisation of human gait using a continuous-wave radar at 24 GHz

C. Hornsteiner and J. Detlefsen C. Hornsteiner and J. Detlefsen
  • Technische Universität München, Lehrstuhl für Hochfrequenztechnik, Fachgebiet Hochfrequente Felder und Schaltungen, 80333 München, Germany

Abstract. Human locomotion consists of a complex movement of various parts of the body. The reflections generated by body parts with different relative velocities result in different Doppler shifts which can be detected as a superposition with a Continuous-Wave (CW) Radar. A time-frequency transform like the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) of the radar signal allows a representation of the signal in both time- and frequency domain (spectrogram). It can be shown that even during one gait cycle the velocity of the torso, which constitutes the major part of the reflection, is not constant. Further a smaller portion of the signal is reflected from the legs. The velocity of the legs varies in a wide range from zero (foot is on the ground) to a velocity which is higher than that of the torso. The two dominant parameters which characterise the human gait are the step rate and the mean velocity. Both parameters can be deduced from suitable portions of the spectrogram. The statistical evaluation of the two parameters has the potential to be included for discrimination purposes either between different persons or between humans and other moving objects.

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