Articles | Volume 17
Adv. Radio Sci., 17, 225–237, 2019
Adv. Radio Sci., 17, 225–237, 2019

  19 Sep 2019

19 Sep 2019

D region observations by VHF and HF radars during a rocket campaign at Andøya dedicated to investigations of PMWE

Ralph Latteck et al.

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Cited articles

Adams, G. W., Brosnahan, J. W., Walden, D. C., and Nerney, S. F.: Mesospheric observations using a 2.66-MHz radar as an imaging Doppler interferometer: Description and first results, J. Geophys. Res.-Space, 91, 1671–1683,, 1986. a
Belova, E., Kirkwood, S., Ekeberg, J., Osepian, A., Häggström, I., Nilsson, H., and Rietveld, M.: The dynamical background of polar mesosphere winter echoes from simultaneous EISCAT and ESRAD observations, Ann. Geophys., 23, 1239–1247,, 2005. a, b, c
Brattli, A., Blix, T. A., Lie-Svendsen, Ø., Hoppe, U.-P., Lübken, F.-J., Rapp, M., Singer, W., Latteck, R., and Friedrich, M.: Rocket measurements of positive ions during polar mesosphere winter echo conditions, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 5515–5524,, 2006. a
Cho, J. Y. N. and Röttger, J.: An updated review of polar mesosphere summer echoes: Observation, theory, and their relationship to noctilucent clouds and subvisible aerosols, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 2001–2020, 1997. a
Czechowsky, P., Rüster, R., and Schmidt, G.: Variations of mesospheric structures in different seasons, Geophys. Res. Lett., 6, 459–462, 1979. a
Short summary
In April 2018 the PMWE1 sounding rocket campaign was conducted at the Andøya Space Center involving coordinated measurements with rockets and ground instruments to measure parameters relevant for testing of the existing theories of PMWE formation. The Middle Atmosphere Alomar Radar System (MAARSY) was operated to detect PMWE with multiple beam directions. The Saura MF radar was operated with a multiple beam experiment to derive horizontal winds and electron density profiles.