Articles | Volume 20
21 Mar 2023
 | 21 Mar 2023

Comparison of S-Parameter Measurement Methods for Adapters

Karsten Kuhlmann, Frauke Gellersen, and Meike Tschauder

Related authors

Generalized Efficiency and the Uncertainty of Millimeter Wave Power Standard
Windi Kurnia Perangin-Angin, Karsten Kuhlmann, and Jürgen Rühaak
Adv. Radio Sci., 21, 7–13,,, 2023
Short summary
Sequential Rotation of Antenna Array Elements – Rotation Angle for Optimum Array Polarization
Karsten Kuhlmann
Adv. Radio Sci., 20, 17–21,,, 2023
Short summary

Cited articles

Daywitt, W. C.: First-Order Symmetric Modes for a Slightly Lossy Coaxial Transmission Line, IEEE T. Microw. Theory, 38, 1644–1650,, 1990. a
Ferrero, A. and Pisani, U.: Two-port network analyzer calibration using an unknown “thru”, IEEE Microw. Guided W., 2, 505–507,, 1992. a, b
Hiebel, M.: Grundlagen der vektoriellen Netzwerkanalyse, Rohde und Schwarz GmbH, 2nd edn., ISBN 978-3-939837-05-3, 2007. a, b
Marks, R. B.: Formulations of the Basic Vector Network Analyzer Error Model including Switch-Terms, in: 50th ARFTG Conference Digest, Portland, OR, USA, 4–5 December 1997, 32, 115–126,, 1997. a
Mathworks: MATLAB 2019a, (last access: 17 February 2023), 2021. a
Short summary
In measurement applications many devices with two ports have different interfaces at their two ports and are commonly referred to as adapters. The interface e.g. can be a coaxial connector, a rectangular waveguide flange, or a coplanar waveguide probe tip. Two suitable methods for the measurement of such adapters are compared. The first one is a VNA measurement method using only one port calibration standards and one port measurements. It will be compared to a two port calibration method.